رمضان میں علی الاعلان کھانے کی دُنیوی سزا
میٹھے میٹھے اسلامی بھائیو! دیکھا آپ نے ؟ رَمَضانُ المبارَک کی تعظیم کے سَبَب ایک آتَش پَرَست کو اللہ عَزَّوَجَلَّ نے نہ صِرْف دَولتِ اِیمان سے نَوازدیا بلکہ اُس کو جنّت کی لازَوال نعمتوں سے بھی مالا مال فرمادیا ۔اِس واقِعہ سے خُصُوصاً ہمارے اُن غافِل اِسلامی بھائیوں کو دَرسِ عِبرت حاصِل کرنا چاہئے جو مسلمان ہونے کے باوُجُود رَمَضانُ المُبارَک کا بِالکل اِحتِرام نہیں کرتے۔اَوَّل تو وہ روزہ نہیں رکھتے، پھر چوری اور سینہ زَوری یُوں کہ روزہ داروں کے سامنے ہی سگریٹ کے کَش لگاتے ، پان چباتے ،حَتّی کہ بَعض تَو اتنے بیباک و بے مُرَوَّت کہ سرِ عام پانی پیتے بلکہ کھانا کھاتے بھی نہیں شرماتے۔ یا د رکھئے ! فُقَہائے کِرام (رَحِمَھُمُ اللہ تعالٰی ) فرماتے ہیں،''جو شَخص رَمَضانُ الْمُبارَک میں دن کے وَقت بِغیر کِسی مَجبوری کے عَلی الْاِعلان جان بُوجھ کر کھائے پئے اُس کو(بادشاہِ اسلام کی طرف سے )قتل کردیا جائے۔''
(دُرّمُختار مع رَدُّالمُحْتار ج۳ ص۳۹۲۲)
Punishment for Intentionally Breaking Your Fast for Three Days
عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ مَنْ أُخِذَ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ وَ قَدْ أَفْطَرَ فَرُفِعَ إِلَى الْإِمَامِ يُقْتَلُ فِي الثَّالِثَةِ
“Whoever is caught in the month of RamaDaan and he is breaking (his fast), he is taken to the Imaam, and he is killed in the third (offense)”
1. Al-Kulayni, Al-Kaafi, vol. 7, pg. 258, hadeeth # 12
1. Al-Majlisi said this hadeeth is Muwaththaq (Reliable) à Mir’aat Al-`Uqool, vol. 23, pg. 401
I do not understand why Al-Majlisi has graded this hadeeth as Muwaththaq (Reliable), since all of the narrators in the chains are thiqaat (pl. thiqah) and a 12’er Shee`ah. This hadeeth should be graded as SaHeeH.
ابْنُ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ بُرَيْدٍ الْعِجْلِيِّ قَالَ سُئِلَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ع عَنْ رَجُلٍ شَهِدَ عَلَيْهِ شُهُودٌ أَنَّهُ أَفْطَرَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ ثَلَاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ فَقَالَ يُسْأَلُ هَلْ عَلَيْكَ فِي إِفْطَارِكَ إِثْمٌ فَإِنْ قَالَ لَا فَإِنَّ عَلَى الْإِمَامِ أَنْ يَقْتُلَهُ وَ إِنْ هُوَ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَإِنَّ عَلَى الْإِمَامِ أَنْ يَنْهَكَهُ ضَرْباً
From Burayd Al-`Ijlee said: Aboo Ja`far (عليه السلام) was asked about a man who witnesses upon him (say) they witness that he broke (his fast) from the Month of RamaDaan three days. So he (عليه السلام) said: “Ask him: ‘Do you (belief) that breaking (your fast) is a sin?’ And if he says: “No”. It is upon the Imaam (leader) that he kills him, and if he says “Yes”, then it is upon the Imaam that he strikes him hard (?)”
1. Al-Kulayni, Al-Kaafi, vol. 7, pg. 259, hadeeth # 20
1. Al-Majlisi said this hadeeth is Hasan (Good) à Mir’aat Al-`Uqool, vol. 23, pg. 402
Extract from page 177 of the book 'Shara'i' al-Islam fi masa'il al-halal wa al-haram':
12) A person breaking the fast in the month of Ramadan, knowingly and deliberately, will be liable to ta'zir (chastisement) in the first time. If he repeats breaking the fast, he will be liable to ta'zir again. If this act is repeated for a third time he should be killed.
13) Whoever copulates with his fasting wife forcibly in the month of Ramadan (during time of fasting), will be liable to two kaffarahs, and nothing is required of her. But if she submits to him willingly, the fast of both of them will be invalidated, and everyone will be liable to kaffarah individually, and to ta'zir of 25 lashes. And so also is the rule when coercion to sexual intercourse is perpetrated with a foreign woman. Some legists observed: he is not liable to ta'zir but to two atonements only.
31 July 2011: Ayatollah Almalhoda demands 25 public lashes for not fasting during Ramadan
Muqtada Al-Sadr: Iraqi youngsters eating or drinking in public will be tied to electricity posts
By Bassem al-Rikabi14 August 2011:
A senior Shiite cleric says anyone found breaking their fast in public during the Muslim’s holy month of Ramadan will be severely punished.
Moqtada Sadr, the cleric with a heavily armed military wing and vigilante groups, particularly in central and southern Iraq, said if the government did not prevent people from eating and drinking in public in Ramadan his armed men were ready to stop them.
Restaurants and cafes are closed from dawn to dusk in Iraq and Iraqis are forbidden from eating, smoking or drinking in public.
The government has issued orders to punish anyone violating the Ramadan fast in public, but Sadr says they were not strictly applied.
Sadr’s representative in the southern city of Nasiriya, Naseer al-Mawsawi, said the group’s vigilante were ready "to take matters into their hands and tie anyone found breaking their fast to an electricity post under the scorching sun."
He said the measures taken by the country’s security organs and police forces were not enough and fell short of the tough restrictions former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein had in place.
"If the government does not stop people eating and drinking in public, we are capable of forming youth groups, arrest these infidels (the violators of Ramadan fast) and tie them on electricity posts in the street," Mawsawi said.
12 July 2012: Iraq interior ministry bans "artistic efforts not in harmony with spirit of Ramadan" during holy month
12 June 2012: #Iraq bans non-religious 'artistic activity' as well as most restaurants opening during daylight in Ramadan - interior ministry statement.
26 July 2013: "Everything is different this year," he says. "In 1995, if someone had even a drop of water, everyone went and reported it and that person would get fired, or just scolded if they were lucky. Not any more, though. People are looking out for each other. I almost miss those days, though. It's like people's hearts just aren't in religion any more."
14 July 2014:
Two men were flogged in public in the south-central Iranian city of Shiraz for eating during fasting hours in the holy month of Ramadan.
Fasting in Ramadan is considered a religious duty for Muslims.
The police chief of Iran's Fars Province, Ahmad Ali Goudarzi, was quoted by Iranian media on July 13 as saying that each of the men received 80 lashes.http://www.refworld.org/docid/57add86c15.html
23 July 2014: An Iranian judge sentenced a Christian man to have his lips burnt with a cigarette for eating during the day in the Muslim holy month of Ramadan.
The barbaric punishment was carried out in public in a square in the city of Kermanshah.Five other Muslim men were also flogged in public with 70 lashes for not fasting during Ramadan, the city's deputy governor Ali Ashraf Karami said.
The October report submitted to the UN by Special Rapporteur for Human Rights in Iran, Dr. Ahmed Shaheed, cited a semi-official news outlet as the source of information on the government's punishment of more than 480 people by flogging during the first 15 days of Ramadan for not observing fasting requirements. The government officially reported only three flogging punishments for failure to observe Ramadan.
21 June 2015:
Dadkhoda Salari, the prosecutor general in the city of Kerman said on Friday: “Any individual who eats or drinks in public places could face a prison term of 10 days to two months and 74 lashes,” the state-run Mehr news agency reported.
Another state-run news agency warned the public that special patrols have been stationed at streets and public parks in Tehran during the holy month of Ramadan to deal with those who drink, eat or smoke in public.
“The police will deal with those individuals who smoke, drink water and other liquids, eat a snack or food in public,” the state-run ISNA news agency reported.
Last year hundreds of Iranians were lashed in public under the medieval laws of the religious dictatorship which can sentence offenders to 74 lashes and two months in prison for eating during Ramadan.
At least 200 people were flogged in last year in the Iranian province of Qazvin for eating in public during Ramadan.
In 2014, Qazvin official Ismail Sadeghi-Niaraki acknowledged the scale of medieval punishments now being carried out within the regime under the rule of so-called 'moderate' president Hassan Rouhani.
He said: "Exceptional measures were taken by the judiciary in Qazvin province during the month of Ramadan to deal with those eating in public.”
"Over this period, 400 people were arrested and some were given warnings. Another 200 had their cases reviewed by the judiciary and the flogging sentence was carried out within 24 hours of their arrest."
Last year, a Christian man in Iran was sentenced to have his lips burnt with a cigarette for eating during the day in Ramadan. The savage punishment was carried out in public in the city of Kermanshah.
3 July 2015:
Deputy Prosecutor in the city of Shiraz, Ali Keshavarz, confirmed that 500 have been arrested in Shiraz for not fasting. Of these 500, verdicts were issued for 480 cases within 24 hours. Most sentences were lashing and they were carried out by the henchmen from “Implementation of Verdicts Unit”. Many of the sentences, particularly against the youth, were carried out in public. Moreover, close to 3000 received “verbal or written warnings” and were subjected to street interrogations or persecution by the oppressive Basij forces.
3 July 2015: Deputy Prosecutor in the city of Shiraz, Ali Keshavarz, confirmed that 500 have been arrested in Shiraz for not fasting. Of these 500, verdicts were issued for 480 cases within 24 hours. Most sentences were lashing and they were carried out by the henchmen from “Implementation of Verdicts Unit”. Many of the sentences, particularly against the youth, were carried out in public. Moreover, close to 3000 received “verbal or written warnings” and were subjected to street interrogations or persecution by the oppressive Basij forces.
According to this official, in Shiraz alone, “20 government and non-government organs” and 248 patrol teams carry out this oppressive scheme under the pretext of “fighting non-observance of fasting”.
Also, according to the commander of the security forces of Hamadan Rassoul Moradi, 100 were arrested by the Basij Force for not fasting. His deputy stated that 700 groups from the Basij or suppressive forces of the regime “have been formed in Hamadan to promote virtue and prevent vice to fight those who do not observe fasting in public”.
On June 22, ninety-two boys and girls were arrested in Shahriar International Hotel of Tabriz on similar charges. Many of the arrestees were travelers that based on Islamic regulations were not in a condition to fast.
In the first week of Ramadan in Ilam alone, security forces arrested 200 and within a day barbaric decrees to flog them were issued.
6 June 2016: Ministry of Interior warns against eating in public and opening of restaurants publicly. Measures will be taken otherwise. #Baghdad #Iraq
14 June 2016: People detained in Baghdad today for 'eating in public during Ramadan'. #Iraq
5 days of imprisonment for publicly eating/drinking in
15 June 2016: A 15 year old Christian and a 10 year old Mandean, and also muslim children arrested in baghdad for not fasting during rmadan
14 June 2016: Iraqi government arrested her 3 daughters because of selling water in the street during Ramadan. #Ramadan2016
11 May 2017:
The Senate Standing Committee on Religious Affairs on Wednesday unanimously approved the Ehtram-e-Ramazan (Amendment) Bill, 2017 under which fine for the hotel owners – violating the Ehtram-e-Ramazan Ordinance, 1981 – has been increased from Rs500 to Rs25,000.
Minister of State for Religious Affairs and Inter-faith Harmony Pir Amin Ul Hasnat Shah suggested that all the cinema houses across the country should remain closed throughout the holy month.
25 May 2017:
Iraqi Minister of Interior issued statements regarding Ramadan month including "referring those who are not fasting in public to judiciary"
26 May 2017: #Iraq Shia Cleric Najafi draw attention of preachers to "Growing signs of #Atheism",ask authorities to close Restaurants on days of Ramadan.
4 June 2017: Extremist Afzal Qadri in letter to DC/DPO Gujrat says punishment for eating in public in Ramzan is death but in PR says "severe punishment"
11 June 2017: